At the end of the year I move from the Justice Alley to the Hotel alley. A new life is waiting for me! Still, I often look at the fountain in the middle of the alley from my window and imagine: If I had lived here 200 years ago, I would have had to fetch my drinking water every day at the well...
The houses in the old town are drawn from time, but in their interior they offer modern comforts today.
Every one of the eleven fountains in the city today has its own history. Until 200 years ago they all served as drinking water dispensers. The stream of creeks flowing under them was the utility water supplier. And through the courtyards of the houses was the so-called eh-ditch, a narrow, low channel, in which the whole "toilet tales" literally plumped, and which at the lower end of the city before the Nydeggstalden were then passed down to the Aare
But now back to "my" justice well and to the figure of Justitia: Hans went, a renaissance sculptor from Fribourg, created it 1543. At least three other fountain figures are also attributed to him. He put his Justitia a bandage around his eyes and gave her the directional sword in the one and the "balancing" balance in the other hand, as was symbolically usual.
The fact that Justitia is standing at this point in the Justice Alley is not a coincidence, but was formerly held in the midst of the intersection of the cross-alley court. So the speakers should always have Justitia in mind in order to be able to make a fair judgement. The blindfold as a symbol of equality of all before the law, the Bernese represented here for the first time, later it became the general symbol.
Let's take a closer look at the figure: at the foot of the statue, we discover four heads that keep their eyes closed to the sign of their subservience to Justitia. They represent the four pillars of the worldly power of that time. One is a pope, he carries the tiara and the Bishop's Cross, then comes a Sultan with a big moustache and a turbanartig wounded hat. He owns a Sarazenenklinge. The next head is that of an emperor with Crown and Imperial Sword. The fourth is a Schultheiss with a beret and a golden official.
I find it quite interesting to see how the Bernese Schultheiss on the same level with the Pope, with the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and with the Emperor!
At that time, Bern was really still the "golden Age" of the Ancien Régimes, which first made Napoleon an end. When Napoleon's soldiers withdrew from Bern after four years, they removed the sword and Libra as a sign of a new righteousness for Bern.
Our venerable Justitia also has a moving recent past. It was very bad for her in the year 1986: Pascal Hêche, a bearded man from the land of Jura, fought for the independence of the Bernese Jura from the canton of Bern.
He called himself a "Bélier", which can be translated with RAM. The word, however, also refers to those ramming machines that led bold Fellows of the past centuries to war-trains, if they wanted to get through the walls of localities like grandson or Murten. The Rams of Charles the Bold failed 1476 at the massive masonry of these fortresses, but Pascal Hêche made it 1986 to tear the justice well from the pedestal. He was of the opinion that the Justitia, regarding the concerns of his Jura, was not blind, but eyed and only saw on the Bernese eye. But justice and law are two different pairs of shoes. Hêche fought for what he felt was justice in his new Canton Jura. But his deeds drew against the law and he was caught and convicted. Since then, the canton of Jura has granted him political asylum.
What has become of him is not known to me. But I see that at present, more and more similar small-nationalist separation stories are playing out all over the world. Justitia would have a lot – and possibly (in the sense of equality of all before the law) also much impossible – to do. Alas, it would be so easy to groom a righteous divine order with your help as a straightening goddess!